Details of floods have been recorded on the River Murray since settlement began adjacent to the river in South Australia in the 1880s and 1890s. Nationwide News Pty Ltd © 2020. The water almost touched the first floor balcony of the Mannum Hotel and rose to nearly the same level down the street at the Pretoria. Some areas reportedly were flooded up to 100km from the normal flow of the river. The floods devastated the region over months with an estimated cost of more than 500,000 pounds. Major floods since this time include those which occurred in 1917, 1931, 1956 and 1974. As local historian Alison Painter later wrote: “One side-effect of the floods was reported from near Meningie where a dairy farmer killed 1032 tiger snakes driven on to his property from their normal swamp habitat as the waters spread inland.”. All times AEST (GMT +10). “They brought a wire down to the starter motor, connected it, and away we went,” Mr Wells says. The Murray pioneer 1956-57 flood diary / 1st ed. By the end of May, people were being evacuated in the low-lying areas. A number of properties were on an island with the only access provided by the railway embankment. At this time the Old Wentworth Road, past the Merbein Race Course, was also flooded along with the road to the Merbein Cemetery, at the bottom of Second Street. “They had to get these big water harvesters in, most of them run by tractors, and they pumped the water from one side of the flood bank back into the river again. Eventualaj ŝanĝoj en la angla originalo estos kaptitaj per regulaj retradukoj. Unfortunately, major floods have also been disastrous to the modern economy along the river. “We were down one night running our nets and we could hear this noise, and it just sounded like a storm coming, wind, and we sort of got out of the boat, went up on the hill to my brother’s place and I said ‘I bet you I know what that is, the bank’s gone’ and sure enough, it had,” he recalls. Mr Wells says the floods seriously compromised farming in the area but growers soldiered on. The Murray and the Darling were both in flood at the same time and the swelling excess water made its way to South Australia. “I don’t think we’ll ever see it quite as bad again.”. This coupled with heavy rains in other parts of the catchment area, saw the Murray rise steadily. 1971 Canberra flood; Victoria. An edited extract from "1956 Flood", a film that explores the impact of the 1956 floods along the Murray and Darling Rivers, using historical film footage and photographs, many sourced from private archives. It was pretty slippery, because a lot of the time it was raining and very cold.”. “We had a terrific lot of volunteers from Adelaide, interstate, the Mid North; they would come here in busloads. From this time it was deemed the embankments were not stable enough. Shops and businesses operated with minimum staff and for reduced hours, so that as many people as possible were available to fill and transport the sandbags. YVONNE “Vonnie” Fletcher was 34 and running a trucking business with her husband, Syd, in Cobdogla when rising river levels put the town on a defensive footing. - Murray-Darling Basin Authority With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, photographs, the MDBA logo or other logos and emblems, any material protected by a trade mark, any content provided Enjoys the environment, my family, people, travel, cultures. Mrs Fletcher isn’t sure “catastrophe” is the right word to describe what happened 60 years ago. “The floorboards still swelled up and became like a trampoline afterwards; you could walk on them and bounce up and down. 1917, 1931 and the floods of the nineteenth century had been large, but nothing like this. Command centres were set up and “crash gangs” - teams of young men, with trucks stacked with sandbags and emergency equipment - were put on standby to respond quickly when the river, inevitably, broke its banks. The Ral Ral Bridge collapsed, serious breaks in the levee banks at Angove’s and the No.3 irrigation pump and the Crescent area flooded. SIXTY years ago, swelling floodwaters raced along two of Australia’s most powerful rivers, imperilling irrigation towns in three states, including in SA’s Riverland and MurrayLands. flood depth contours and levels) captured by two different projects for (1) the River Murray from the mouth to the South Australian border, and (2) the River Murray from the South Australian border to Lake Hume. By mid-August , more than 1500 people were had been evacuated to against the flood… – disasters seem to attract the crowds. Some were totally destroyed. This was strictly a private road for the residents of the island to get their produce to market. were removed to safety at the “Oh, that happened before ’56’, ‘Oh, no it didn’t, it happened after ’56,” Mr Wells, 81, explains. Visit the Mannum Museum. 9 metres). Exceptionally large floods (e.g. The pumping station was, however, below river level and protected by a levee. “It was certainly a Wellington boots job!”. “The hotel managed to scrounge up enough of their gear, took it upstairs and they did a roaring trade up on the balcony,” Mrs Banks recalls. The rivers joined forces at their junction in Wentworth, NSW, and from there, there was only one way for the water to go - down to SA. The local growers, many of whom were returned service men from World War 1 & 2, rallied the Merbein community and rostered ‘blockies’ (farmers) to use tractors and trailers and fill sand bags to build and reinforce the station’s levee banks. The 1956 River Murray flood is the most extensive recorded in South Australia since European settlement. A 60th anniversary of the 1956 flood exhibition will be on show until the end of October at the Arnold Gallery at the Dock Museum of River History, Mannum. The flood waters hit Mannum in July 1956. It's been 60 years since the 1956 flooding of the River Murray, often described as 'South Australia's greatest catastrophe'. He says authorities, too, did what they could to support the local effort. Mr Banks recalls one particularly eventful fishing expedition. “They thought it might flood some of Renmark but it wasn’t considered to be a super flood until it came on later on in July and just kept on rising. We even had, at one stage, the wharfies come up by bus at weekends.”. Se vi volas enigi tiun artikolon en la originalan Esperanto-Vikipedion, vi povas uzi nian specialan redakt-interfacon. Government grants for rehabilitation work in Renmark amounted to more than $770,000 and assistance was also given to families from voluntary donations to the Lord Mayor’s Relief Fund. Main river towns suffered enormously with much of the commercial and residential areas submerged for several months. Courtesy of/Photographer:Loxton News. Months of heavy rainfall in the eastern states resulted in a massive volume of water surging through the Murray-Darling system, culminating in vast flooding in South Australia. ONE of the biggest and longest running news stories in the history of Sunraysia Daily was the 1956 flood of the Murray and Darling rivers. The gauge itself disappeared underwater; with the official peak of the 1956 flood being determined as 30’ 7 ¾ (approx. It was the highest level flood recorded at Merbein since the irrigation district was established in 1909. The peak came towards the end of August with the High School, Hospital, and homes and properties in Hale Street flooded. Register, Join the conversation, you are commenting as Logout. “It could be logs, it could be timber from shacks; at one stage there was a whole roof of a shack floating down; it was too dangerous to go out on the water.”. “That’s where they carried on their business, on the balcony of the Pretoria Hotel.”. For many in the district, it was a long road back to normal. “Most of the elderly ones went off to live somewhere else so there weren’t so much worry to be looking after them.”. “Maybe we’ve got a better handle on it now with, you know, satellites and all that sort of thing, we can perhaps understand it more. A record level was confirmed in Renmark of 9.194 metres and most of the towns people had to be evacuated. For those living in Wentworth today, the 1956 flood lives on in their memory. The disaster displaced thousands of people, wiped out crops, crippled local industries and left a damage bill in the millions of dollars. I mean, most of us had never been through a flood of that type.”. The highest level of the official gauge at the Renmark Wharf read 27 feet (approx. Lineage: The 1956 River Murray flood extent was captured in 1989 by the Information and Data Analysis Branch, Dept of Environment and Planning (now Spatial Planning, Analysis and Research, Dept of Planning and Local Government) using mylar overlays with aerial photography provided by the Resource Information Group, Dept of Lands (now Dept for Environment and Heritage). Don't have an account? Mr Bruist said the flood was the worst since 1870 — a time before dams helped to regulate the Murray and its tributaries. An emergency flood committee was formed, and the whole community became involved in the fight to save the town. “So we rang one of the dairy farmers across the river, Rathjens, and told them about it and the next thing there were lights going everywhere, people getting their cows off of the swamp.”. Mildara Winery. 1956 Murray River Floods The 1956 floods occurred due to higher than average rainfalls in Western Queensland along with heavy rains three months prior in the Murray catchment areas such as the Murrumbidgee and Lachlan Rivers. To join the conversation, please But there was still much to be protected – machinery relocated, hay sheds shifted. Fergie Tractor Rallies are held every 5 years to commemorate a mammoth effort by a community committed to fight enormous odds and determined to win. “Break! “The factory got flooded, so other factories around the Adelaide Hills and interstate had to be taking more milk where the cows were up in the Adelaide Hills, down in the south east, interstate and some of the dairymen had to go with their cows to milk them.”, The ‘Greatest Catastrophe of South Australia’s History’. “Now, you’d never do that in a hundred years today - occ health and safety wouldn’t allow it. “It breached the sandbags and flooded his bakery so he then had to take all of his equipment and go up Adelaide Road and bake up there.”. The Merbein irrigation pumps were reliant on the Red Cliffs generator and were therefore at risk both from local flooding and a lack of electricity, if the Red Cliffs Power Station was flooded. “We still had First World War guys who’d been over in the floods in France and Second World War people, most of them were in their prime actually, so it was interesting timing. 10.2 metres). It was, he wrote, a time of “organised confusion, with predicted levels being changed almost daily. 1 metre) was added, with the words - ‘After this, all out. There was what they called a “Crash Gang” too, which was made of young fellas that slept all in the one building and if there was any alarms went off they were the first on the scene. Share your photos and memories of the floods. With the flood nearing its peak, the wash from the passing paddle boat PS Wanera is believed to have caused a break in the levee bank on the river road; suddenly dropping the river height at the pumping station and affording temporary relief. “The Murray’s black mud was everywhere - in the shops, in the main street, wherever you went there was this black mud,” he says. “All of them on the river side of the main street closed, they just got flooded out,” Mr Banks says. “Everybody was very concerned about it because had the bank broke that was in front of our house we’d have had about four or five feet (up to 1.5m) of water through it.”, “They built the levees around a lot of the fruit blocks, trying to keep the water out, but I think in hindsight they did the wrong thing because a lot of those blocks were not much good afterwards, because they got so salty.”. The growers and townspeople were successful in protecting the Merbein Irrigation Pumping Station at the foot of Pump Hill which was owned and operated by the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission of Victoria. “We were taking all our good furniture up to places out of the way where the flood wouldn’t be reaching,” Mrs Fletcher, 94, says. Join the conversation, you are commenting as. He says whether SA could see another flood as bad is anyone’s guess. “The Bank of Adelaide, which it was then, they had to close because people couldn’t get in and do business. The Murray would peak at 10.2m in Renmark and a staggering 12.3m at Morgan. It was thought this was the peak but the next day the water rose a further ½ an inch although for the first time since 15 June it then remained stationary. By the end of May, low lying areas were already inundated, and people and livestock were being evacuated. “I mightn’t see it in my time but I do believe that we’ll have another one.”. Writing in The Advertiser on August 22, 1956, journalist Max Fatchen called the gangs “the shock troops of the flood battle”. The Murray floods. The August floodwaters peak was 12.3 metres at Morgan and 10.2 metres in Renmark. When water flooded the Wells’ farm pump house, the pump and motor were floated in a dinghy across a swamp, propped up on 44-gallon drums and plugged into a neighbour’s pipeline. Those levees held back 80 miles of water for months. River Murray Flood Mapping shows the extent of flooding based on historical records and some associated information (e.g. Mud and debris were deposited everywhere and smelt horrible. The 1956 Murray River flood was the biggest catastrophe to hit the region and devastate towns including Renmark, Morgan, Kingston-on-Murray and Mannum. “We used to then carry the boats out over the sandbags and put them in the water, in front of the Pretoria Hotel and row them down the main street as part of our training,” he says. It did however create a unifying force in the district that had not been evident before, or since.”. Floods in New South Wales; 1955 Hunter Valley floods; 1956 Murray River flood; June 2007 Hunter Region and Central Coast storms; 2011 Wollongong floods; Australian Capital Territory. Day and night for several months the townspeople, Ferguson tractors and the Army and Navy worked to avert disaster by building levees around the town. River Murray floods, 1931. “You just had to keep going and when the low-lying areas were being threatened, or when one levee went, say, north of Murray Bridge, well you went and did what you could to help,” Mr Wells recalls. Water, water everywhere but there was still time for a drink. The flood occurred due to excessive, heavy rains in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria which supplied the interstate farmers with more than enough to irrigate their crops. 60,000 ML/day, 80,000 ML/day and 90,000 ML/day inundation maps To help assess the possible extent of inundation for different flow scenarios, the Department for Environment and Water has modelled and mapped River Murray flow events of 60,000ML/day, 80,000 ML/day and 90,000ML/day. “Whether we did any good I don’t know. Local knowledge played a big part in determining what could be done. 1917, 1931 and the floods of the nineteenth century … Image courtesy of C.R. SOUTH Australians are pausing to mark the 60th anniversary of the 1956 Murray River floods - the “greatest catastrophe in South Australia’s history”. The 1956 Murray River floods were the worst in recorded history of the Murray River, Australia. Some of them had to pick their fruit by rowing boat,” he says. In 2006, for the 50th anniversary of the flood, Mr Banks, 83, and the foursome snapped rowing alongside him, were invited back to Mannum to re-enact the moment. Wentworth, NSW, lies at the heart of the Murray Darling Basin, at the confluence of Australia’s two greatest rivers, where the Darling joins the Murray. Greg Barila was born and raised up the road from the Riverland, in Mildura. Merbein was very fortunate in that, for the greater part, it was situated well above the flood plain. The pumping station at the foot of Pump Hill supplied water to 10,000 acres of vines and citrus for over 400 irrigators in the Merbein Irrigation District. It took months and months for the clean up and the ferry did not recommence operating until the 4th of … The town is vulnerable during flood times, but Wentworth has endured many since the ‘biggest on record’ in 1870. A clay levee bank surrounding the town and a tractor monument are reminders of the flood that threatened the town. The floods peaked at 12.3 metres in Morgan. The 1956 Murray River flood involved the rising of waters in the Murray River and flooding of many towns in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia.The flood occurred due to higher than average rainfalls in Western Queensland and heavy rains in the proceeding three months in the Murray-Darling basin. The people of Renmark never considered that the fight to save the town could not be won and it was their faith and determination, which helped them to fight for victory. According to Riverland author Graham Irwin in his book A brief history of Barmera, at the height of the flood, in late August, the river and Lake Bonney “merged to form an unbroken sheet of water, stretching from Barmera to Moorook” - 17kms away. The 1956 ‘event’ was unique as a sustained deluge occurred down the east coast of Australia, along the Great Dividing Range and beyond. “But they (flood authorities) shut their eyes and did what they could to help the people out.”. River Murray floods, 1956 : a pictorial record of . “I think it would have been, because it was such a long, long drawn out affair and it went from the top of the state at Renmark, right down through the Lakes and further afield.”. A canteen was set up in the Institute, providing up to 700 meals a day, for weeks on end. There was another small blessing - the fishing was good. The heights of floods on the River Murray recorded on ‘The Tree of Knowledge’ at Loxton. # rivermurray # murrayriver “There seemed to be fish everywhere and we used to catch them in nets - and of course in those days we could - and every Sunday we’d put them in a pound, clean them of a Sunday morning and go up Adelaide Rd and sell them to the people coming up from Adelaide in the afternoon,” he says. The floods devastated many towns across Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia. The “Great Flood” of 1956 was the worst on record and an event described as “the greatest catastrophe in the state’s history”. Like Renmark, Mannum copped the full force of the flood and many businesses paid a heavy price. The ferry was out of operation for over six months and new roads had to be built on higher ground above the flood level. “The Second World War guys had only been out of the army 10 or 11 years and here they were combining a force and we just joined in.”. Later, he was tasked with trying to protect some of Renmark’s biggest buildings. Big floods mean great trauma to some people and they often do not recover. The Big Wet impacted on ordinary life in unexpected ways. By mid August, 1,500 people had been evacuated, leaving some 800 men, women and children to battle the rising floodwaters. At the height of the 1956 flood an estimated 15000 people visited Mannum in one day just to see the flood. WHEN the Murray flooded the main street of Mannum, John Banks just went with the flow. The trains to Yelta and Merbein were cancelled for some months. Some areas were flooded up to 100 km from the natural flow of the river. Many of our family and friends were directly impacted by the flood, which tooks months and even years to recover from. The scariest part about it was nobody could tell us when the water would get to its peak. Two of the levee banks broke and the River Road between Mildura and Merbein was then flooded. 22 August 1956 Murray floods At midnight on 22 August 1956 the level of the River Murray at Renmark reached 30 feet 6 ¾ inches. Big floods mean great trauma to some people and they often do not recover. NARRATOR: As the ancient lowlands along the River Darling and River Murray were succumbing to the greatest flood of our time, deluging town after town as a flood peak made its way to the sea. Some areas were flooded up to 100 km from the natural flow of the river. For our floods bring tragedy, they also highlight the Australians' courage and tenacity. Mr Wells was 21, living and working on the family market garden and orchard, south of town. It's hard to imagine Mannum looking like this these days. The flood information for the South Australian section of the River Murray was obtained from the South Australian Government by the Murray-Darling Basin Authority (MDBA), and … “We were growing citrus and stone fruit, the same with like Mypolonga - a lot of their orchards were flooded out. “We had to do that because the river was flowing so fast and in among it was debris of all sorts. Volunteers came with heavy machinery from other areas to help. Six hundred homes in the district were flooded, as well as two hundred holiday shacks. Many of the businesses operating on Randell Street were devastated. However, life went on as close to normal as possible. Rowers trained in Mannum’s main street. “I’ve made a book about my life, and only just a little while ago I was flicking through it and came across a few pictures of us rowing a boat on what was the Cobdogla Bowling Club. 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