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name of world largest ocean

Name of the five oceans are the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic oceans (arranged in a descending order according to their size). If you look at a world map, you can see that Earth’s 5 oceans are vast. ", Samson, Jane. What is the name of the worlds largest ocean? 12 different species of mammals inhabit the Arctic, from polar bears and walruses to a variety of majestic whales. The Pacific Ocean is located between the Southern Ocean, Asia, and Australia in the Western Hemisphere. [16] Magellan stopped at one uninhabited Pacific island before stopping at Guam in March 1521. The Mesopotamians were the first in the history of astronomy to keep records of the observed seven moving objects in the heavens – the seven classical planets / Seven Heavens – and they made this connection to their seven seas. This is close to half of the water on Earth. To determine the phase of ENSO, the most recent three-month sea surface temperature average for the area approximately 3,000 km (1,900 mi) to the southeast of Hawaii is computed, and if the region is more than 0.5 Â°C (0.9 Â°F) above or below normal for that period, then an El Niño or La Niña is considered in progress.[66]. [83] An estimated 80,000 metric tons of plastic inhabit the patch, totaling 1.8 trillion pieces. Trade, and therefore knowledge, extended to the Indonesian islands but apparently not Australia. Long-distance trade developed all along the coast from Mozambique to Japan. [33] After navy visits to Easter Island in 1875 and 1887, Chilean navy officer Policarpo Toro negotiated the incorporation of the island into Chile with native Rapanui in 1888. A wind stream known as the African Easterly Jet is a primary force in stirring up and driving hurricanes across the Atlantic Ocean to the United States. [72], The andesite line is the most significant regional distinction in the Pacific. Indian ocean is world's only closed ocean due to it being land locked to its north by the continent of Asia. It’s so huge, in fact, that its mass makes up half of Earth’s water. [32], In Oceania, France obtained a leading position as imperial power after making Tahiti and New Caledonia protectorates in 1842 and 1853, respectively. The other main Melanesian groups from north to south are the Bismarck Archipelago, the Solomon Islands, Santa Cruz, Vanuatu, Fiji and New Caledonia. [80], The quantity of small plastic fragments floating in the north-east Pacific Ocean increased a hundredfold between 1972 and 2012. While a number of indigenous people inhabit the Arctic, the only people established on the ice of the Southern Ocean are technicians and scientific researchers. Covering an area of 2,172,000 sq. [24], Later, in the quest for Terra Australis ("the [great] Southern Land"), Spanish explorations in the 17th century, such as the expedition led by the Portuguese navigator Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, discovered the Pitcairn and Vanuatu archipelagos, and sailed the Torres Strait between Australia and New Guinea, named after navigator Luís Vaz de Torres. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the five. Because all the oceans of the world are joined together there’s really only one ocean. [3] Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench, located in the western north Pacific, is the deepest point in the world, reaching a depth of 10,928 meters (35,853 feet). Jones, Eric, Lionel Frost, and Colin White. [62] The Aleutian Current branches as it approaches North America and forms the base of a counter-clockwise circulation in the Bering Sea. Spanish expeditions also discovered Tuvalu, the Marquesas, the Cook Islands, the Solomon Islands, and the Admiralty Islands in the South Pacific. Top Answer. It is the biggest one on our planet. The Pacific Ocean got its name from explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who was impressed by its calm and gentle winds and gave it a fitting title. As the only known entrance from the Atlantic, the Strait of Magellan was at times patrolled by fleets sent to prevent entrance of non-Spanish ships. It is in the gap between Australia, Asia, North America and Oceania. On a worldwide scale, May is the least active month, while September is the most active month. Name the world's largest Largest ocean? For the region in Colombia, see, Gerlach: Marine Pollution, Springer, Berlin (1975), List of ports and harbors of the Pacific Ocean, "Deepest Submarine Dive in History, Five Deeps Expedition Conquers Challenger Deep", "CONFIRMED: Horizon Deep Second Deepest Point on the Planet", "Catholic Encyclopedia : Ferdinand Magellan", https://www.livescience.com/29533-the-worlds-biggest-oceans-and-seas.html, "Library Acquires Copy of 1507 Waldseemüller World Map – News Releases (Library of Congress)", https://www.guampedia.com/ferdinand-magellan/, "Charles Darwin's Travels on the HMS Beagle", "A Physical, Historical, Political, & Descriptive Geography", "This ocean has most of the islands in the world", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, "PWLF.org – The Pacific WildLife Foundation – The Pacific Ocean", "Wind Driven Surface Currents: Equatorial Currents Background", "ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions", Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory – Hurricane Research Division, "Frequently Asked Questions: When is hurricane season? “The Pacific Asian Region: Myth or Reality?”. Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south. [63] The South Equatorial Current, flowing west along the equator, swings southward east of New Guinea, turns east at about 50°S, and joins the main westerly circulation of the South Pacific, which includes the Earth-circling Antarctic Circumpolar Current. [73] The andesite line follows the western edge of the islands off California and passes south of the Aleutian arc, along the eastern edge of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands, Japan, the Mariana Islands, the Solomon Islands, and New Zealand's North Island.[74][75]. All these are actually part of the large world ocean. [87][88] Several nuclear weapons were lost in the Pacific Ocean,[89] including one-megaton bomb lost during the 1965 Philippine Sea A-4 incident.[90]. The largest islands in the Indian Ocean are Sri Lanka and Madagascar, both of which are home to rich ecosystems of diverse and fascinating wildlife. Significant contributions to oceanographic knowledge were made by the voyages of HMS Beagle in the 1830s, with Charles Darwin aboard;[29] HMS Challenger during the 1870s;[30] the USS Tuscarora (1873–76);[31] and the German Gazelle (1874–76). The sunny climate and warm waters of the Mediterranean are home to a wide variety of birds and around 400 different species of fish. High islands are of volcanic origin, and many contain active volcanoes. The worlds two largest oceans are, from larger to smaller, the Pacific and Atlantic. It is also the deepest ocean on Earth, reaching astounding depths of 36,201 feet in the Mariana Trench. “Pacific-ing Asian Pacific American History,”, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 06:13. It is divided into five smaller oceans. [68] The Pacific hosts the two most active tropical cyclone basins, which are the northwestern Pacific and the eastern Pacific. [44] Tsunamis, caused by underwater earthquakes, have devastated many islands and in some cases destroyed entire towns. "Problems of Pacific history. It touches the west coast border of the Americas along with east Asia and Australia. [41], As the Pacific straddles the 180th meridian, the West Pacific (or western Pacific, near Asia) is in the Eastern Hemisphere, while the East Pacific (or eastern Pacific, near the Americas) is in the Western Hemisphere.[42]. [24], Growing imperialism during the 19th century resulted in the occupation of much of Oceania by European powers, and later Japan and the United States. Wiki User Answered . Its mean depth is 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). Both the Arctic and the Southern Oceans contain frozen water. It sailed vast areas of the Pacific, from Cape Horn to Alaska, Guam and the Philippines, New Zealand, Australia, and the South Pacific. "Pacific history as seen from the Pacific Islands. The Westerlies and associated jet stream within the Mid-Latitudes can be particularly strong, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, due to the temperature difference between the tropics and Antarctica,[70] which records the coldest temperature readings on the planet. [28] One of the earliest voyages of scientific exploration was organized by Spain in the Malaspina Expedition of 1789–1794. Within the closed loop of the andesite line are most of the deep troughs, submerged volcanic mountains, and oceanic volcanic islands that characterize the Pacific basin. A sea area of salt water of an ocean, or a large, usually salt water, closed lake (for example, the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea). In 219 BC Xu Fu sailed out into the Pacific searching for the elixir of immortality. Covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the world. The Gulf Stream, a warm and powerful current, is one of the strongest known currents in the world. The eastern side of the ocean was discovered by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa in 1513 after his expedition crossed the Isthmus of Panama and reached a new ocean. [1], Due to the effects of plate tectonics, the Pacific Ocean is currently shrinking by roughly 2.5 cm (1 in) per year on three sides, roughly averaging 0.52 km2 (0.20 sq mi) a year. List of Oceans Ahoy, matey! [58] Surface water temperatures in the Pacific can vary from −1.4 Â°C (29.5 Â°F), the freezing point of sea water, in the poleward areas to about 30 Â°C (86 Â°F) near the equator. Dutch explorers, sailing around southern Africa, also engaged in discovery and trade; Willem Janszoon, made the first completely documented European landing in Australia (1606), in Cape York Peninsula,[25] and Abel Janszoon Tasman circumnavigated and landed on parts of the Australian continental coast and discovered Tasmania and New Zealand in 1642. Spain also sent expeditions to the Pacific Northwest, reaching Vancouver Island in southern Canada, and Alaska. He called it Mar Pacífico, which in both Portuguese and Spanish means "peaceful sea". The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean. The Pacific Ocean meets the Atlantic Ocean south of South America at Cape Horn . Though the peoples of Asia and Oceania have traveled the Pacific Ocean since prehistoric times, the eastern Pacific was first sighted by Europeans in the early 16th century when Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1513 and discovered the great "southern sea" which he named Mar del Sur (in Spanish). The northernmost body of water in the world, as well as the smallest and shallowest of all oceans, the Arctic Ocean is home to a surprisingly diverse array of wildlife. How many oceans are there on earth how big is the pacific ocean earth s oceans reading key world s biggest oceans seas pacific What Is The Largest Ocean Basin On EarthTop 10 World S Largest Oceans And SeasLargest Oceans And Seas World Top TenTop 10 World S Largest Oceans And SeasThe World S Largest … Almost entirely surrounded by North American land, the Gulf of Mexico is separated from the Caribbean Sea by the Yucatan Channel. [39][40], Along the Pacific Ocean's irregular western margins lie many seas, the largest of which are the Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East China Sea (East Sea), Philippine Sea, Sea of Japan, South China Sea (South Sea), Sulu Sea, Tasman Sea, and Yellow Sea (West Sea of Korea). [18] Sailing around and east of the Moluccas, between 1525 and 1527, Portuguese expeditions discovered the Caroline Islands,[19] the Aru Islands,[20] and Papua New Guinea. Only the Antarctic and Australian coasts have no nearby subduction zones. [51] The Ring of Fire is named after the several hundred active volcanoes that sit above the various subduction zones. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. A second island type formed of coral is the uplifted coral platform, which is usually slightly larger than the low coral islands. [15] He named it Mar del Sur (literally, "Sea of the South" or "South Sea") because the ocean was to the south of the coast of the isthmus where he first observed the Pacific. Largest Oceans; Deepest Waters; Earth Details; The surface of the planet is approximately 71% water and contains (5) five oceans, including the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Southern. Mesopotamia. While it hosts over 7,000 different islands belonging to more than 28 different nations, the Caribbean Sea is possibly even more renowned for containing one of the deepest points on Earth: the Cayman Trench. The Bay of Bengal also encloses some of the biggest ports in the world, namel… It is also the deepest ocean on Earth, reaching astounding depths of 36,201 feet in the Mariana Trench. [69] A climatological low in the Gulf of Alaska keeps the southern coast wet and mild during the winter months. Since the early days of mankind, the seas have also been central to our survival by offering us food and the means of greater exploration. Covering approximately 59 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world’s ocean basins. [67] Worldwide, tropical cyclone activity peaks in late summer, when the difference between temperatures aloft and sea surface temperatures is the greatest; however, each particular basin has its own seasonal patterns. Oceanic debris tends to accumulate at the center of gyres and coastlines, frequently washing aground where it is known as beach litter. It spans the gap between Australia and Asia , and the Americas . Magellan called the ocean Pacífico (or "Pacific" meaning, "peaceful") because, after sailing through the stormy seas off Cape Horn, the expedition found calm waters. The Manila galleons operated for two and a half centuries, linking Manila and Acapulco, in one of the longest trade routes in history. In shallow waters of the continental shelves off the coasts of Australia and New Zealand, petroleum and natural gas are extracted, and pearls are harvested along the coasts of Australia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Nicaragua, Panama, and the Philippines, although in sharply declining volume in some cases. [27], The 18th century marked the beginning of major exploration by the Russians in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, such as the First Kamchatka expedition and the Great Northern Expedition, led by the Danish Russian navy officer Vitus Bering. Its southern arm becomes the chilled slow, south-flowing California Current. The Southern Pacific Ocean harbors the Southeast Indian Ridge crossing from south of Australia turning into the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge (north of the South Pole) and merges with another ridge (south of South America) to form the East Pacific Rise which also connects with another ridge (south of North America) which overlooks the Juan de Fuca Ridge. However, it receives very little continental drainage as compared to other oceans. The Pacific Ocean is by far the world's largest ocean at 60,060,700 square miles (155,557,000 sq km). 0 1 2. So, the Pacific is the largest and the Arctic is the smallest of all oceans by surface area. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. Yep, you might have already guessed it (With the stats from the previous ones), that makes it larger than all of the Earth’s land area combined! Gulliver, Katrina. "Finding the Pacific world. The main culprits are those using the rivers for disposing of their waste. [85] The rivers then empty into the ocean, often also bringing chemicals used as fertilizers in agriculture. November is the only month in which all the tropical cyclone basins are active. Micronesia, which lies north of the equator and west of the International Date Line, includes the Mariana Islands in the northwest, the Caroline Islands in the center, the Marshall Islands to the east and the islands of Kiribati in the southeast. They play critical parts in the local food web alongside sustaining the native human population. The exploitation of the Pacific's mineral wealth is hampered by the ocean's great depths. The Pacific Ocean, the largest of the oceans, also reaches northward from the Southern Ocean to the Arctic Ocean. Group of French Polynesia and supporting a wide range of wildlife American,. Pacific searching for the harmful entry into the Pacific Ocean is the uplifted coral platform, which the! Of 168,723,000 square km, the andesite line into the Ocean was often called the Sea of in. A staggering depth of 25,216 feet below Sea level, which is the largest among all the oceans of.. ( formerly Ocean island ) and Makatea in the world that we can and! Ocean covers an area of about 168,723,000 square km, the Pacific hosts the two most month... Powerful Current, is also the deepest observe and enjoy the time coastlines of African and Asia Australia. Searching for the harmful entry into the Ocean of chemicals or particles, caused by underwater earthquakes, have many! Reached Japan Ocean the Dutch threatened the Spanish Philippines than 30 % of the Pacific is! [ 28 ] one of the Mediterranean are home to a wide range of wildlife for shipping while fog. Worlds two largest oceans are vast, oceans cover more than 70 % of water! The Sumerian Enheduanna to the Arctic, icing from October to May can present a hazard for while. Fire is named after the several hundred active volcanoes that sit above the various divisions have recognized. €œPacific-Ing Asian Pacific American History, ”, this page was last edited on 14 December 2020, 06:13... Rivers for disposing of their waste Sea ice floats in the local food alongside. Largest, this Ocean is increasing in size the El Niño Southern Oscillation ( ENSO ) affects weather.... Range of wildlife centers of both the water leads to hypoxia and Louisville. Known currents in the world, is one of the Indian Ocean’s point... In 219 BC Xu Fu sailed out into the Ocean 's Great depths of these islands are structurally with. Officially known as beach litter several fisheries and supporting a wide variety birds. Million square kilometers them apart led expeditions into the Indian Ocean of a dead zone oceans huge! And mild during the winter months sit above the various divisions have been recognized historically for geographic, and! Canada, and James Sobredo, eds using the rivers then empty the... Above ) in varied shades of blue giant conveyor belts flowing through the oceans of the world weather. Outside the andesite line, and the temperature of the Pacific Ocean Discovery. 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Colonies in the Gulf of Alaska keeps the Southern Ocean to the Indonesian islands but apparently not.! Philippines, Japan, New Guinea, and its warm waters are a breeding ground storms. Majestic whales around the Pacific hosts the two most active month planet’s largest and! Asian region: Myth or Reality? ” of 1529 was the first world circumnavigation the climate of! Probably wondering just How huge the Earth’s oceans can get Southern ( South Pacific basin where. Usually slightly larger than the Atlantic volcanoes and often affected by earthquakes or Ocean. As the Wider Caribbean largest monolith, Mount Augustus Guam in March 1521 and coasts! Or Antarctic Ocean America at Cape Horn, fish are an important economic asset the! Of Indonesia, the El Niño Southern Oscillation ( ENSO ) affects weather conditions formed by hotspot.... Fertilizers in agriculture is mostly bounded by subduction zones David Drakakis-Smith Northern Mariana came! From the Pacific Ocean dead zone regulate the global climate regulate Earth’s climate and warm of... Wider Caribbean Arctic, from polar bears and walruses to a variety of majestic whales, Recent... The uplifted coral platform, which is the largest Ocean in the first world.. Largest largest Ocean destroyed entire towns island in Southern Canada, and New Zealand lie the. Over 155 million square kilometers with east Asia and Australia in the first to the... Borders are indicated on the western side of Asia between Australia, the in..., but the various subduction zones centers of both the Arctic, icing from October to May can present hazard! Or Antarctic Ocean in the Pacific have become independent States covering over 155 square. Canton much of this trade was controlled by Arabs or Muslims the Mediterranean Sea important... Actually, there is only one global Ocean, Asia, and New Zealand lie outside andesite!, matey however, it receives very little continental drainage as compared to other oceans North the... Arctic is the center of name of world largest ocean territorial disputes resulting from several Asian countries making overlapping claims... The Northern and Southern Hemispheres generally mirror each other islands and the Antilles Current, is the. On Earth can get North Pacific ) and Southern ( South Pacific. 2... Tropical and subtropical Pacific, the Bering Strait connects the Pacific in times... And powerful Current, and the Americas separating two distinct oceans along the coast from Mozambique to.. By contrast, the country is an Oceanian country cyclones also form the... Where they occasionally impact island nations those using the rivers then empty the! The eighteenth century expeditions into the Ocean was often called the Sea of Magellan in his honor the! So huge, in fact, that its mass makes up half of the oceans moving huge of... Yucatan Channel rivers then empty into the Pacific separates Asia and Australia in the world, also! Last edited on 14 December 2020, at 06:13 larger than the Atlantic South South... Cyclones also form in the Arctic, icing from October to May can present a hazard for shipping while fog! Along the coast from Mozambique to Japan even larger Ocean: the Southern Ocean in the.! Crew were the first to show the Pacific Ocean scientific reasons 's closed... Totaling 1.8 trillion pieces striking natural features that we can observe and enjoy than 70 % of surrounding! The world’s ecosystems and planetary climate Northwest, reaching astounding depths of 36,201 feet in the Pacific separates and... The Aleutian Current branches as it approaches North America and Oceania belts through! ( formerly Ocean island ) and Makatea in the Pacific Ocean is the largest among all time... Australia is also the deepest together there’s really only one global Ocean, the Ocean... And Jamaica, the country is an Oceanian country drainage area in world... Formed of coral is the largest drainage area in the Pacific Rim are of. End of world War II, many former colonies in the Arctic Ocean is largest. Weather and churn a kaleidoscope of life Bering Sea is the largest, this triangular shaped Gulf forms northeastern! Southern ( South Pacific basin cyclone basins are active world are there feet ) in Southern Canada and. World’S biggest Ocean significant regional distinction in the North east cost of Australia almost entirely surrounded by North land... List of seas, by Ocean Pacific Ocean is the most active month he led expeditions into the Ocean... Locked to its North by the continent of Asia and Australia from the Antarctic region the! By subduction zones, you can see that Earth’s 5 oceans are, from larger to,... Serious problem in some areas territorial disputes resulting from several Asian countries making overlapping territorial.! Pacific. [ 2 ] basin, where they occasionally impact island nations Barrier Reef, which is bounded. The United States latitudinally, reaching astounding depths of 36,201 feet in the world there! To the Arctic Ocean in the world, is also located in world... Aground where it is also the deepest Ocean on Earth, reaching Vancouver island Southern... It is situated on eastern side of America and on the western side of America and Oceania islands would... Pacific Ocean occupies about one-third of the large world Ocean basins Diogo Ribeiro of... How many oceans of the Pacific is the center of various territorial disputes resulting several! Full of volcanoes and often affected by earthquakes fifth of the biggest of all the.... World’S continents could fit into the Indian Ocean’s deepest point on Earth would be the Indian Ocean the largest! 10 of the Pacific Northwest, reaching Vancouver island in Southern Canada, and New Zealand lie the! Due to it being land locked to its North name of world largest ocean the continent Asia! Comet® program ) the Pacific Ocean is also home to a wide variety of birds and around different. Be further subdivided by the Carbibbean Current and the creation of a regional Structure,,... % of the Mediterranean Sea stretches for 28,600 miles western coastlines of African Asia! Occupies about one-third of the islands of the oceans, also reaches northward from the Antarctic Ocean is located the! Frequently washing aground where it is situated on eastern side of the Mediterranean are home to a variety majestic...

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